Animal assisted therapy (T.A.A.)
There are numerous studies and research that demonstrate the therapeutic effects that animals produce on humans.
Science over the years has shown that companion animals and among them, dogs, are able to help a convalescent patient with the mere fact of being present.
There is no doubt about the importance that Assisted Animal Therapies are charging (from now on T.A.A.) in Spain, when complementing the therapeutic processes that develop in certain pathologies.
Some animals such as dogs, horses and dolphins are widely known as therapy animals, while other species, such as sea lions and farm animals, begin to be introduced in intervention projects in Animal Assisted Therapies in Spain.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAM
Psychological and cognitive area
- Increase the ability to pay attention.
- Increase self-esteem and self-confidence; the memory; the decrease of symptoms and behaviors derived from an adjustment disorder.
Communication and language area
- Facilitate verbal and nonverbal communication;
- Increase vocabulary;
- Encourage correct sentence construction;
- Improve the articulation of words.
- Improve coordination, reflexes, mobility and motor skills;
- Improvement in muscle relaxation.
Área de aprendizaje
- The acquisition of new learning in reference to responsibilities such as dog care (hygiene and food); your games and your training.
Área de socialización
- Increase in emotional relationships;
- Develop respect for animals;
- Increase the desire to carry out group activities;
- Get follow-up instructions.
THERAPEUTIC IMPROVEMENT AREAS
Are those specific points on which we can act through therapy. It is important to know them to define objectives, so we can facilitate the design of the therapy and its evaluation.
The use of dogs in groups with cognitive retardation is delicate, however it is possible through the care or training (always positive) of the dog to help these people to become interested in an occupational therapy. The relationship with dogs acts as a hitch.